StoryEditor

Jaką odmianę kapusty wybrać do kiszenia?

21.11.2019., 12:13h
stdClass Object ( [id] => 2349355 [title] => Jaką odmianę kapusty wybrać do kiszenia? [alias] => jaka-odmiane-kapusty-wybrac-do-kiszenia [catid] => 3193 [published] => 1 [introtext] => [fulltext] =>

Trudny rok dla producentów kapusty

W poszukiwaniu idealnej odmiany kapusty do kiszenia przeprowadziliśmy ankietę z kilkunastoma producentami tego warzywa z całej Polski. Dzwoniliśmy do producentów zarówno z gospodarstw konwencjonalnych, jak i ekologicznych. Okazuje się, że przydatność konkretnej odmiany do kiszenia to tylko składowa wielu czynników. Oczywiście uniwersalne dobre cechy takiej kapusty to duża głowa, krótki głąb oraz duża zawartość cukru, ale największy problem stanowi wyprodukowanie zdrowego surowca, w szczególności w takim roku jak ten. Część ankietowanych nosiła się z zamiarem zaprzestania produkcji z uwagi na plagi szkodników i patogenów i brak dostępności środków ochrony roślin. Inni z kolei, prowadząc uprawy ekologiczne nie narzekali na choroby i szkodniki, a na brak rynku zbytu.


[Uszkodzenia wywołane żerowaniem wciornastka]

Słysząc tak różne sygnały można dojść do wniosków, że powodzenie uprawy zależne jest od danego regionu kraju. Producenci korzystają z odmian, które sprawdziły się u nich w gospodarstwach na przestrzeni lat. Idąc dalej, trzeba się przyjrzeć uprawowym detalom, takim jak zmianowanie, szybkość reakcji przy pojawieniu szkodników i właściwe nawożenie. Oczywiście są odmiany mniej podatne na szkodniki i choroby, ale jak powiedział jeden z rozmówców: „W tym roku wciornastek atakował nawet odmiany gorzkie”.


[Uszkodzenia wywołane żerowaniem wciornastka]

Z ankiety wynika, że najpopularniejsze odmiany do kwaszenia uprawiane w Polsce to:
  • Ambrozja
  • Novotom
  • Jaguar
  • Adelko
  • Typhoon
  • Ramco
  • Kolia


[Jaką odmianę kapusty wybrać do kiszenia?]

Darmowe białko w kapuście do kiszenia

W tym roku problem wciornastka i mączlika w uprawie kapustnych był szeroko omawiany. Konsumenci przynosili mączlika do domu wraz z zakupionymi warzywami. Jeśli chodzi o przydatność do kiszenia kapusty zaatakowanej przez tego szkodnika, to odpowiedz nie jest prosta. Wszystko zależy od stopnia porażenia i występowania grzybów szadzakowych, co dyskwalifikuje produkt. Niektóre grzyby sadzakowe są zdolne do produkcji toksycznych metabolitów wtórnych potencjalnie groźnych dla zdrowia człowieka, a więc samo usunięcie porażonych liści może nie wystarczyć.


[Wynik niewłaściwej ochrony, plagi szkodników i patogenów]

W przypadku wciornastka problem polega na przemieszczaniu się tego szkodnika w głąb kapusty nawet do 20 liścia. Natomiast, po usunięciu liści z widocznymi objawami żerowania wciornastaka z kapusty, może ona posłużyć jako surowiec do kiszenia.

Marcin Wieczyński

Fot. K. Wójcik

[video] => [gallery] => [extra_fields] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [id] => 1 [name] => Subtitle [value] =>

Producenci warzyw kapustnych zmagali się w tym roku z wieloma przeciwnościami losu. Susza, plaga chorób i szkodników każdemu dała się we znaki. Ciepłe lato w szczególności przyczyniło się do zwiększonej liczebności wciornastka i mączlika. Czy kapusta porażona przez te szkodniki nadaje się do kiszenia?

[type] => textarea [group] => 9 [published] => 1 [ordering] => 1 [alias] => Subtitle ) [3] => stdClass Object ( [id] => 61 [name] => Contains Infographic [value] => OFF [type] => radio [group] => 9 [published] => 1 [ordering] => 4 [alias] => contains_infographic ) [4] => stdClass Object ( [id] => 62 [name] => Without ads [value] => OFF [type] => radio [group] => 9 [published] => 1 [ordering] => 5 [alias] => Withoutads ) [5] => stdClass Object ( [id] => 63 [name] => Photo gallery [value] => OFF [type] => radio [group] => 9 [published] => 1 [ordering] => 6 [alias] => Photo_gallery ) [6] => stdClass Object ( [id] => 64 [name] => Promo [value] => OFF [type] => radio [group] => 9 [published] => 1 [ordering] => 7 [alias] => promo ) [8] => stdClass Object ( [id] => 67 [name] => Contains video [value] => OFF [type] => radio [group] => 9 [published] => 1 [ordering] => 9 [alias] => contains_video ) [9] => stdClass Object ( [id] => 68 [name] => Premium content [value] => OFF [type] => radio [group] => 9 [published] => 1 [ordering] => 10 [alias] => premium_content ) [10] => stdClass Object ( [id] => 69 [name] => Exclude comments [value] => OFF [type] => radio [group] => 9 [published] => 1 [ordering] => 11 [alias] => exclude_comments ) [11] => stdClass Object ( [id] => 70 [name] => Open link in new window [value] => OFF [type] => radio [group] => 9 [published] => 1 [ordering] => 12 [alias] => open_link_in_new_window ) [12] => stdClass Object ( [id] => 71 [name] => Horizontal crop of the main photo [value] => OFF [type] => radio [group] => 9 [published] => 1 [ordering] => 13 [alias] => horizontal_crop_of_the_main_photo ) [13] => stdClass Object ( [id] => 73 [name] => No-index [value] => OFF [type] => radio [group] => 9 [published] => 1 [ordering] => 15 [alias] => no_index ) [14] => stdClass Object ( [id] => 74 [name] => No-cache [value] => OFF [type] => radio [group] => 9 [published] => 1 [ordering] => 16 [alias] => no_cache ) [15] => stdClass Object ( [id] => 77 [name] => Don't show on the front page [value] => OFF [type] => radio [group] => 9 [published] => 1 [ordering] => 17 [alias] => dont_show_on_the_front_page ) [16] => stdClass Object ( [id] => 78 [name] => Related on bottom [value] => OFF [type] => radio [group] => 9 [published] => 1 [ordering] => 18 [alias] => related_on_bottom ) [17] => stdClass Object ( [id] => 79 [name] => Live button [value] => OFF [type] => radio [group] => 9 [published] => 1 [ordering] => 19 [alias] => live_button ) [26] => stdClass Object ( [id] => 87 [name] => Instant articles [value] => OFF [type] => radio [group] => 9 [published] => 1 [ordering] => 28 [alias] => instant_articles ) [27] => stdClass Object ( [id] => 89 [name] => Photo gallery item black [value] => OFF [type] => radio [group] => 9 [published] => 1 [ordering] => 29 [alias] => photo_gallery_item_black ) [28] => stdClass Object ( [id] => 90 [name] => Photo gallery item white [value] => OFF [type] => radio [group] => 9 [published] => 1 [ordering] => 30 [alias] => photo_gallery_item_white ) [29] => stdClass Object ( [id] => 91 [name] => Instant articles JL [value] => OFF [type] => radio [group] => 9 [published] => 1 [ordering] => 31 [alias] => instant_articles_jl ) [30] => stdClass Object ( [id] => 95 [name] => Required views [value] => 0 [type] => textfield [group] => 9 [published] => 1 [ordering] => 32 [alias] => required_views ) [31] => stdClass Object ( [id] => 96 [name] => Upscore PR [value] => OFF [type] => radio [group] => 9 [published] => 1 [ordering] => 33 [alias] => upscore_pr ) [32] => stdClass Object ( [id] => 97 [name] => Native [value] => OFF [type] => radio [group] => 9 [published] => 1 [ordering] => 34 [alias] => Native ) [33] => stdClass Object ( [id] => 99 [name] => Paid article [value] => OFF [type] => radio [group] => 9 [published] => 1 [ordering] => 36 [alias] => paid_article ) [34] => stdClass Object ( [id] => 101 [name] => Gallery as Article [value] => OFF [type] => radio [group] => 9 [published] => 1 [ordering] => 38 [alias] => gallery_type ) [35] => stdClass Object ( [id] => 102 [name] => Article as Gallery [value] => OFF [type] => radio [group] => 9 [published] => 1 [ordering] => 39 [alias] => article_as_gallery ) ) [extra_fields_search] =>

Producenci warzyw kapustnych zmagali się w tym roku z wieloma przeciwnościami losu. Susza, plaga chorób i szkodników każdemu dała się we znaki. Ciepłe lato w szczególności przyczyniło się do zwiększonej liczebności wciornastka i mączlika. Czy kapusta porażona przez te szkodniki nadaje się do kiszenia?

0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 [created] => 2019-11-21 14:09:58 [created_by] => 50035 [created_by_alias] => [checked_out] => 0 [checked_out_time] => 0000-00-00 00:00:00 [modified] => 2019-11-21 11:13:34 [modified_by] => 50035 [publish_up] => 2019-11-21 11:13:34 [publish_down] => 0000-00-00 00:00:00 [trash] => 0 [access] => 1 [ordering] => 0 [featured] => 0 [featured_ordering] => 0 [image_caption] => [image_credits] => [video_caption] => [video_credits] => [hits] => 0 [params] => Joomla\Registry\Registry Object ( [data:protected] => stdClass Object ( [enable_css] => 0 [jQueryHandling] => 1.8remote [backendJQueryHandling] => remote [userName] => 1 [userImage] => 1 [userDescription] => 1 [userURL] => 1 [userEmail] => 0 [userFeedLink] => 1 [userFeedIcon] => 1 [userItemCount] => 20 [userItemCountOverride] => stdClass Object ( [userItemCountOverride0] => stdClass Object ( [userItemCountMenutype] => profi [userItemCountMenutypeCount] => 12 ) [userItemCountOverride1] => stdClass Object ( [userItemCountMenutype] => tpr [userItemCountMenutypeCount] => 22 ) ) [userItemOrdering] => publishUp [userItemTitle] => 1 [userItemTitleLinked] => 1 [userItemDateCreated] => 1 [userItemImage] => 1 [userItemIntroText] => 1 [userItemCategory] => 1 [userItemTags] => 1 [userItemCommentsAnchor] => 1 [userItemReadMore] => 1 [userItemOCMPlugins] => 1 [authorsListLimit] => 150 [tagItemCount] => 100 [tagItemCountOverride] => stdClass Object ( [tagItemCountOverride0] => stdClass Object ( [tagItemCountMenutype] => profi [tagItemCountMenutypeCount] => 12 ) [tagItemCountOverride1] => stdClass Object ( [tagItemCountMenutype] => tpr [tagItemCountMenutypeCount] => 22 ) ) [tagItemTitle] => 1 [tagItemTitleLinked] => 1 [tagItemDateCreated] => 1 [tagItemImage] => 1 [tagItemIntroText] => 1 [tagItemCategory] => 1 [tagItemReadMore] => 1 [tagItemExtraFields] => 1 [tagOrdering] => publishUp [tagFeedLink] => 0 [tagFeedIcon] => 0 [genericItemCount] => 10 [genericItemTitle] => 1 [genericItemTitleLinked] => 1 [genericItemDateCreated] => 1 [genericItemImage] => 1 [genericItemIntroText] => 1 [genericItemCategory] => 1 [genericItemReadMore] => 1 [genericItemExtraFields] => 1 [genericFeedLink] => 1 [genericFeedIcon] => 1 [instantArticlesLimit] => 100 [instantArticlesExtraField] => [instantArticlesExtraFieldON] => [instantArticlesCategoriesChildren] => 1 [instantArticlesTitle] => Instant Articles [instantArticlesDescription] => Instant Articles [upscorePRLimit] => 100 [upscoreThumbPrefix] => [upscoreThumbSuffix] => [upscorePRExtraField] => [upscorePRExtraFieldON] => [mainTagCategories] => Array ( [0] => 2994 [1] => 2986 [2] => 3084 [3] => 3124 [4] => 3149 [5] => 3239 ) [relatedItemsCategories] => Array ( [0] => 2994 [1] => 2986 [2] => 3084 [3] => 3124 [4] => 3149 [5] => 3239 ) [relatedItemsCategoriesChildren] => 1 [relatedItemsMenuitems] => stdClass Object ( [relatedItemsMenuitems0] => stdClass Object ( [relatedItemsMenuitem] => ) [relatedItemsMenuitems1] => stdClass Object ( [relatedItemsMenuitem] => ) [relatedItemsMenuitems2] => stdClass Object ( [relatedItemsMenuitem] => ) [relatedItemsMenuitems3] => stdClass Object ( [relatedItemsMenuitem] => ) ) [mobileJsonCustomHomepage] => 1 [mobileJsonMultiAuthors] => 0 [mobileJsonAuthorImage] => 0 [mobileJsonIncludePositionData] => 0 [mobileJsonQuoteModule] => 0 [mobileJsonWeatherModule] => 0 [mobileJsonMostPopularModule] => 0 [mobileJsonMostPopularCategoriesModule] => 0 [mobileJsonLimit] => 200 [mobileJsonObituary] => 0 [mobileApiCommentsAlias] => [mobileApiCommentsTitle] => [mobileApiImagePrefix] => [mobileApiImageSuffix] => [mobileApiImagePath] => [mobileApiArchiveImagePath] => [mobileApiCustomArticle] => 1 [mobileApi2Enabled] => 0 [mobileApi2UserAgent] => [mobileApi2AuthUser] => [mobileApi2AuthPassword] => [mobileApi2ImagePrefix] => [mobileApi2ImageSuffix] => [mobileApi2DefaultAuthorImage] => [mobileApi2RelatedPlaceholder] => Array ( ) [mobileApi2TagLimit] => 10 [mobileApi2TagOrdering] => [mobileApi2TagCategories] => Array ( ) [mobileApi2TagsSearchLimit] => 10 [mainFeedCategories] => Array ( [0] => 2994 [1] => 3002 ) [addFeedToEndOfUrl] => 1 [feedLimit] => 50 [mostPopularFeedLimit] => 10 [feedItemImage] => 1 [feedImgSize] => S [feedItemIntroText] => 1 [feedTextWordLimit] => [feedItemFullText] => 1 [feedTextCharacterLimit] => 300 [feedItemSubtitle] => 1 [feedItemAuthor] => 1 [feedTtl] => [feedDescription] => [feedItemTags] => 0 [feedItemVideo] => 0 [feedItemGallery] => 0 [feedItemAttachments] => 0 [feedBogusEmail] => [allarticlesLimit] => 10 [allarticlesOrdering] => [feedByDateEnabled] => 0 [feedByDateFeedLimit] => 200 [feedByDateTitle] => [feedByDateDescription] => [feedByDateOrdering] => publishUp [introTextCleanup] => 0 [introTextCleanupExcludeTags] => [introTextCleanupTagAttr] => [fullTextCleanup] => 0 [fullTextCleanupExcludeTags] => [fullTextCleanupTagAttr] => [xssFiltering] => 0 [linkPopupWidth] => 900 [linkPopupHeight] => 600 [delete_images_when_article_trashed] => 0 [delete_image_api_endpoint] => [imagesQuality] => 100 [itemImageXS] => 100 [itemImageS] => 200 [itemImageM] => 400 [itemImageL] => 600 [itemImageXL] => 900 [itemImageGeneric] => 300 [catImageWidth] => 1680 [catImageDefault] => 1 [userImageWidth] => 160 [userImageDefault] => 1 [commenterImgWidth] => 48 [onlineImageEditor] => sumopaint [imageTimestamp] => 0 [imageMemoryLimit] => [socialButtonCode] => [twitterUsername] => [facebookMetatags] => 1 [previewBeforepublishingFacebookMetatags] => 0 [facebookImage] => Large [ios_app_store_id] => [ios_app_name] => [comments] => 0 [commentsOrdering] => DESC [commentsLimit] => 10 [commentsFormPosition] => below [commentsPublishing] => 0 [commentsReporting] => 2 [commentsReportRecipient] => [inlineCommentsModeration] => 0 [gravatar] => 0 [antispam] => 0 [recaptchaForRegistered] => 1 [akismetForRegistered] => 1 [commentsFormNotes] => 1 [commentsFormNotesText] => [frontendEditing] => 1 [showImageTab] => 1 [showImageGalleryTab] => 1 [showVideoTab] => 1 [showExtraFieldsTab] => 1 [showAttachmentsTab] => 1 [showOCMPlugins] => 1 [sideBarDisplayFrontend] => 0 [staticURL] => https://static.halowies.pl [siteURL] => https://halowies.pl [sseHost] => [photoGalleryExtraField] => 63 [photoGalleryExtraFieldON] => 2 [videoGalleryExtraField] => 67 [videoGalleryExtraFieldON] => 2 [getRelatedGalleries] => 0 [alwaysRenderTemplate] => 0 [gaEmail] => [mergeEditors] => 0 [sideBarDisplay] => 1 [attachmentsFolder] => [hideImportButton] => 1 [googleSearch] => 0 [googleSearchContainer] => ocmGoogleSearchContainer [OCMUserProfile] => 1 [OCMUserGroup] => 1 [redirect] => 101 [adminSearch] => simple [cookieDomain] => [gatherStatistics] => 0 [article_preview_ocm_category_id] => [clean_brand_prefix] => 0 [taggingSystem] => 1 [lockTags] => 0 [showTagFilter] => 0 [ocmTagNorm] => 0 [ocmTagNormCase] => lower [ocmTagNormAdditionalReplacements] => [recaptcha_public_key] => 6LeqUiYUAAAAAI8h2AkxEti40Bh5iSaHH0dUe8RG [recaptcha_private_key] => 6LeqUiYUAAAAAABvcvBlIXQ8lr9jtjyvJnjeCmg4 [recaptcha_theme] => clean [recaptchaV2] => 1 [recaptchaOnRegistration] => 0 [akismetApiKey] => [stopForumSpam] => 0 [stopForumSpamApiKey] => [showItemsCounterAdmin] => 1 [showChildCatItems] => 1 [disableCompactOrdering] => 0 [metaDescLimit] => 150 [enforceSEFReplacements] => 0 [SEFReplacements] => À|A, Á|A, Â|A, Ã|A, Ä|A, Å|A, à|a, á|a, â|a, ã|a, ä|a, å|a, Ā|A, ā|a, Ă|A, ă|a, Ą|A, ą|a, Ç|C, ç|c, Ć|C, ć|c, Ĉ|C, ĉ|c, Ċ|C, ċ|c, Č|C, č|c, Ð|D, ð|d, Ď|D, ď|d, Đ|D, đ|d, È|E, É|E, Ê|E, Ë|E, è|e, é|e, ê|e, ë|e, Ē|E, ē|e, Ĕ|E, ĕ|e, Ė|E, ė|e, Ę|E, ę|e, Ě|E, ě|e, Ĝ|G, ĝ|g, Ğ|G, ğ|g, Ġ|G, ġ|g, Ģ|G, ģ|g, Ĥ|H, ĥ|h, Ħ|H, ħ|h, Ì|I, Í|I, Î|I, Ï|I, ì|i, í|i, î|i, ï|i, Ĩ|I, ĩ|i, Ī|I, ī|i, Ĭ|I, ĭ|i, Į|I, į|i, İ|I, ı|i, Ĵ|J, ĵ|j, Ķ|K, ķ|k, ĸ|k, Ĺ|L, ĺ|l, Ļ|L, ļ|l, Ľ|L, ľ|l, Ŀ|L, ŀ|l, Ł|L, ł|l, Ñ|N, ñ|n, Ń|N, ń|n, Ņ|N, ņ|n, Ň|N, ň|n, ʼn|n, Ŋ|N, ŋ|n, Ò|O, Ó|O, Ô|O, Õ|O, Ö|O, Ø|O, ò|o, ó|o, ô|o, õ|o, ö|o, ø|o, Ō|O, ō|o, Ŏ|O, ŏ|o, Ő|O, ő|o, Ŕ|R, ŕ|r, Ŗ|R, ŗ|r, Ř|R, ř|r, Ś|S, ś|s, Ŝ|S, ŝ|s, Ş|S, ş|s, Š|S, š|s, ſ|s, Ţ|T, ţ|t, Ť|T, ť|t, Ŧ|T, ŧ|t, Ù|U, Ú|U, Û|U, Ü|U, ù|u, ú|u, û|u, ü|u, Ũ|U, ũ|u, Ū|U, ū|u, Ŭ|U, ŭ|u, Ů|U, ů|u, Ű|U, ű|u, Ų|U, ų|u, Ŵ|W, ŵ|w, Ý|Y, ý|y, ÿ|y, Ŷ|Y, ŷ|y, Ÿ|Y, Ź|Z, ź|z, Ż|Z, ż|z, Ž|Z, ž|z, α|a, β|b, γ|g, δ|d, ε|e, ζ|z, η|h, θ|th, ι|i, κ|k, λ|l, μ|m, ν|n, ξ|x, ο|o, π|p, ρ|r, σ|s, τ|t, υ|y, φ|f, χ|ch, ψ|ps, ω|w, Α|A, Β|B, Γ|G, Δ|D, Ε|E, Ζ|Z, Η|H, Θ|Th, Ι|I, Κ|K, Λ|L, Μ|M, Ξ|X, Ο|O, Π|P, Ρ|R, Σ|S, Τ|T, Υ|Y, Φ|F, Χ|Ch, Ψ|Ps, Ω|W, ά|a, έ|e, ή|h, ί|i, ό|o, ύ|y, ώ|w, Ά|A, Έ|E, Ή|H, Ί|I, Ό|O, Ύ|Y, Ώ|W, ϊ|i, ΐ|i, ϋ|y, ς|s, А|A, Ӑ|A, Ӓ|A, Ә|E, Ӛ|E, Ӕ|E, Б|B, В|V, Г|G, Ґ|G, Ѓ|G, Ғ|G, Ӷ|G, y|Y, Д|D, Е|E, Ѐ|E, Ё|YO, Ӗ|E, Ҽ|E, Ҿ|E, Є|YE, Ж|ZH, Ӂ|DZH, Җ|ZH, Ӝ|DZH, З|Z, Ҙ|Z, Ӟ|DZ, Ӡ|DZ, Ѕ|DZ, И|I, Ѝ|I, Ӥ|I, Ӣ|I, І|I, Ї|JI, Ӏ|I, Й|Y, Ҋ|Y, Ј|J, К|K, Қ|Q, Ҟ|Q, Ҡ|K, Ӄ|Q, Ҝ|K, Л|L, Ӆ|L, Љ|L, М|M, Ӎ|M, Н|N, Ӊ|N, Ң|N, Ӈ|N, Ҥ|N, Њ|N, О|O, Ӧ|O, Ө|O, Ӫ|O, Ҩ|O, П|P, Ҧ|PF, Р|P, Ҏ|P, С|S, Ҫ|S, Т|T, Ҭ|TH, Ћ|T, Ќ|K, У|U, Ў|U, Ӳ|U, Ӱ|U, Ӯ|U, Ү|U, Ұ|U, Ф|F, Х|H, Ҳ|H, Һ|H, Ц|TS, Ҵ|TS, Ч|CH, Ӵ|CH, Ҷ|CH, Ӌ|CH, Ҹ|CH, Џ|DZ, Ш|SH, Щ|SHT, Ъ|A, Ы|Y, Ӹ|Y, Ь|Y, Ҍ|Y, Э|E, Ӭ|E, Ю|YU, Я|YA, а|a, ӑ|a, ӓ|a, ә|e, ӛ|e, ӕ|e, б|b, в|v, г|g, ґ|g, ѓ|g, ғ|g, ӷ|g, y|y, д|d, е|e, ѐ|e, ё|yo, ӗ|e, ҽ|e, ҿ|e, є|ye, ж|zh, ӂ|dzh, җ|zh, ӝ|dzh, з|z, ҙ|z, ӟ|dz, ӡ|dz, ѕ|dz, и|i, ѝ|i, ӥ|i, ӣ|i, і|i, ї|ji, Ӏ|i, й|y, ҋ|y, ј|j, к|k, қ|q, ҟ|q, ҡ|k, ӄ|q, ҝ|k, л|l, ӆ|l, љ|l, м|m, ӎ|m, н|n, ӊ|n, ң|n, ӈ|n, ҥ|n, њ|n, о|o, ӧ|o, ө|o, ӫ|o, ҩ|o, п|p, ҧ|pf, р|p, ҏ|p, с|s, ҫ|s, т|t, ҭ|th, ћ|t, ќ|k, у|u, ў|u, ӳ|u, ӱ|u, ӯ|u, ү|u, ұ|u, ф|f, х|h, ҳ|h, һ|h, ц|ts, ҵ|ts, ч|ch, ӵ|ch, ҷ|ch, ӌ|ch, ҹ|ch, џ|dz, ш|sh, щ|sht, ъ|a, ы|y, ӹ|y, ь|y, ҍ|y, э|e, ӭ|e, ю|yu, я|ya [ocmSef] => 0 [ocmSefLabelCat] => content [ocmSefLabelTag] => tag [ocmSefLabelUser] => author [ocmSefLabelSearch] => search [ocmSefLabelDate] => date [ocmSefLabelItem] => 0 [ocmSefLabelItemCustomPrefix] => [ocmSefInsertItemId] => 1 [ocmSefItemIdTitleAliasSep] => dash [ocmSefUseItemTitleAlias] => 1 [ocmSefInsertCatId] => 1 [ocmSefCatIdTitleAliasSep] => dash [ocmSefUseCatTitleAlias] => 1 [emptyModulePosition] => [emptyModuleTemplate] => [emptyModules] => Array ( ) [searchMinimalId] => 20 [show_page_heading] => [categories] => Array ( [0] => 3193 ) [exclude_from_group_by_subcategories] => 0 [getCategoryIdFromPath] => 0 [theme] => default [menu_text] => 1 [menu_show] => 0 [secure] => 0 [obituaries_portal] => 0 [page_title] => Warzywa [page_description] => SiteMeta Description [page_rights] => [robots] => [inheritFrom] => 0 [num_leading_items] => 2 [num_leading_columns] => 1 [leadingImgSize] => Large [num_primary_items] => 4 [num_primary_columns] => 2 [primaryImgSize] => Medium [num_secondary_items] => 4 [num_secondary_columns] => 1 [secondaryImgSize] => Small [num_links] => 4 [num_links_columns] => 1 [linksImgSize] => XSmall [catCatalogMode] => 0 [catFeaturedItems] => 1 [catPagination] => 2 [catPaginationResults] => 1 [catTitle] => 1 [catTitleItemCounter] => 1 [catDescription] => 1 [catImage] => 1 [catFeedLink] => 1 [catFeedIcon] => 1 [subCategories] => 1 [subCatColumns] => 2 [subCatTitle] => 1 [subCatTitleItemCounter] => 1 [subCatDescription] => 1 [subCatImage] => 1 [catItemTitle] => 1 [catItemTitleLinked] => 1 [catItemFeaturedNotice] => 0 [catItemAuthor] => 1 [catItemDateCreated] => 1 [catItemRating] => 0 [catItemImage] => 1 [catItemIntroText] => 1 [catItemExtraFields] => 0 [catItemHits] => 0 [catItemCategory] => 1 [catItemTags] => 1 [catItemAttachments] => 0 [catItemAttachmentsCounter] => 0 [catItemVideo] => 0 [catItemVideoAutoPlay] => 0 [catItemImageGallery] => 0 [catItemDateModified] => 0 [catItemReadMore] => 1 [catItemCommentsAnchor] => 1 [catItemOCMPlugins] => 1 [itemDateCreated] => 1 [itemTitle] => 1 [itemFeaturedNotice] => 1 [itemAuthor] => 1 [itemFontResizer] => 1 [itemPrintButton] => 1 [itemEmailButton] => 1 [itemSocialButton] => 1 [itemVideoAnchor] => 1 [itemImageGalleryAnchor] => 1 [itemCommentsAnchor] => 1 [itemRating] => 1 [itemImage] => 1 [itemImgSize] => Large [itemImageMainCaption] => 1 [itemImageMainCredits] => 1 [itemIntroText] => 1 [itemFullText] => 1 [itemExtraFields] => 1 [itemDateModified] => 1 [itemHits] => 1 [itemCategory] => 1 [itemTags] => 1 [itemAttachments] => 1 [itemAttachmentsCounter] => 1 [itemVideo] => 1 [itemVideoAutoPlay] => 0 [itemVideoCaption] => 1 [itemVideoCredits] => 1 [itemImageGallery] => 1 [itemNavigation] => 1 [itemComments] => 1 [itemTwitterButton] => 1 [itemFacebookButton] => 1 [itemGooglePlusOneButton] => 1 [itemAuthorBlock] => 1 [itemAuthorImage] => 1 [itemAuthorDescription] => 1 [itemAuthorURL] => 1 [itemAuthorEmail] => 0 [itemAuthorLatest] => 1 [itemAuthorLatestLimit] => 5 [itemRelated] => 1 [itemRelatedLimit] => 5 [itemRelatedTitle] => 1 [itemRelatedCategory] => 0 [itemRelatedImageSize] => 0 [itemRelatedIntrotext] => 0 [itemRelatedFulltext] => 0 [itemRelatedAuthor] => 0 [itemRelatedMedia] => 0 [itemRelatedImageGallery] => 0 [itemOCMPlugins] => 1 [recaptcha] => ) [initialized:protected] => 1 [separator] => . ) [metadesc] => [metadata] => robots= author= [metakey] => [plugins] => {"incptvocmimagegalleryIGParameters":"default","incptvocmimagegalleryocmIGposition":"OcmAfterDisplayContent","incptvocmimagegalleryocmIGtheme":"CameraSlideshow","incptvocmimagegalleryImages":["\/images\/2019\/11\/21\/201723.webp"],"incptvocmimagegalleryImageTitles":[""],"incptvocmimagegalleryImageDescriptions":[""],"incptvocmimagegalleryImageFocus":["50:50"],"incptvocmimagegalleryImageDimensions":[{"size0":"1200x800","k_201723_1280.webp":"1280x1280","k_201723_1024.webp":"1024x1024","k_201723_640.webp":"640x640","k_201723_480.webp":"480x480","k_201723_340.webp":"340x340","k_201723_220.webp":"220x220","o_201723_1280.webp":"1280x853","o_201723_1024.webp":"1024x682","o_201723_640.webp":"640x426","o_201723_480.webp":"480x320","o_201723_340.webp":"340x226","o_201723_220.webp":"220x146","h_201723_1280.webp":"1280x845","h_201723_1024.webp":"1024x676","h_201723_640.webp":"640x422","h_201723_480.webp":"480x317","h_201723_340.webp":"340x224","h_201723_220.webp":"220x145","p_201723_1280.webp":"1280x1600","p_201723_1024.webp":"1024x1280","p_201723_640.webp":"640x800","p_201723_480.webp":"480x600","p_201723_340.webp":"340x425","p_201723_220.webp":"220x275"}]} [language] => * [multi_author] => 0 [type_id] => 99 [category] => TableOCMCategory Object ( [id] => 3193 [name] => Warzywa [alias] => warzywa [description] => [parent] => 3189 [extraFieldsGroup] => 9 [published] => 1 [image] => [access] => 1 [ordering] => 4 [params] => {"inheritFrom":"3149","catMetaDesc":"","catMetaKey":"","catMetaRobots":"","catMetaAuthor":"","theme":"","num_leading_items":"2","num_leading_columns":"1","leadingImgSize":"Large","num_primary_items":"4","num_primary_columns":"2","primaryImgSize":"Medium","num_secondary_items":"4","num_secondary_columns":"1","secondaryImgSize":"Small","num_links":"4","num_links_columns":"1","linksImgSize":"XSmall","catCatalogMode":"0","catFeaturedItems":"1","catOrdering":"","catPagination":"2","catPaginationResults":"1","catTitle":"1","catTitleItemCounter":"1","catDescription":"1","catImage":"1","catFeedLink":"1","catFeedIcon":"1","subCategories":"1","subCatColumns":"2","subCatOrdering":"","subCatTitle":"1","subCatTitleItemCounter":"1","subCatDescription":"1","subCatImage":"1","itemImageXS":"","itemImageS":"","itemImageM":"","itemImageL":"","itemImageXL":"","catItemTitle":"1","catItemTitleLinked":"1","catItemFeaturedNotice":"0","catItemAuthor":"1","catItemDateCreated":"1","catItemRating":"0","catItemImage":"1","catItemIntroText":"1","catItemIntroTextWordLimit":"","catItemExtraFields":"0","catItemHits":"0","catItemCategory":"1","catItemTags":"1","catItemAttachments":"0","catItemAttachmentsCounter":"0","catItemVideo":"0","catItemVideoWidth":"","catItemVideoHeight":"","catItemAudioWidth":"","catItemAudioHeight":"","catItemVideoAutoPlay":"0","catItemImageGallery":"0","catItemImageGalleryWidth":"","catItemImageGalleryHeight":"","catItemDateModified":"0","catItemReadMore":"1","catItemCommentsAnchor":"1","catItemOCMPlugins":"1","itemDateCreated":"1","itemTitle":"1","itemFeaturedNotice":"1","itemAuthor":"1","itemFontResizer":"1","itemPrintButton":"1","itemEmailButton":"1","itemSocialButton":"1","itemVideoAnchor":"1","itemImageGalleryAnchor":"1","itemCommentsAnchor":"1","itemRating":"1","itemImage":"1","itemImgSize":"Large","itemImageMainCaption":"1","itemImageMainCredits":"1","itemIntroText":"1","itemFullText":"1","itemExtraFields":"1","itemDateModified":"1","itemHits":"1","itemCategory":"1","itemTags":"1","itemAttachments":"1","itemAttachmentsCounter":"1","itemVideo":"1","itemVideoWidth":"","itemVideoHeight":"","itemAudioWidth":"","itemAudioHeight":"","itemVideoAutoPlay":"0","itemVideoCaption":"1","itemVideoCredits":"1","itemImageGallery":"1","itemImageGalleryWidth":"","itemImageGalleryHeight":"","itemNavigation":"1","itemComments":"1","itemTwitterButton":"1","itemFacebookButton":"1","itemGooglePlusOneButton":"1","itemAuthorBlock":"1","itemAuthorImage":"1","itemAuthorDescription":"1","itemAuthorURL":"1","itemAuthorEmail":"0","itemAuthorLatest":"1","itemAuthorLatestLimit":"5","itemRelated":"1","itemRelatedLimit":"5","itemRelatedTitle":"1","itemRelatedCategory":"0","itemRelatedImageSize":"0","itemRelatedIntrotext":"0","itemRelatedFulltext":"0","itemRelatedAuthor":"0","itemRelatedMedia":"0","itemRelatedImageGallery":"0","itemOCMPlugins":"1"} [trash] => 0 [plugins] => {"customparams_created":"2022-09-08 18:27:33","customparams_modified":"2022-09-08 18:27:33","customparams_videobg":"","customparams_countdown_module":"","customparams_search_template":""} [language] => * [container] => 0 [container_name] => [_tbl:protected] => #__ocm_categories [_tbl_key:protected] => id [_tbl_keys:protected] => Array ( [0] => id ) [_db:protected] => JDatabaseDriverMysqli_Exabyte Object ( [name] => mysqli [serverType] => mysql [connection:protected] => mysqli Object ( [affected_rows] => 0 [client_info] => mysqlnd 7.4.33 [client_version] => 70433 [connect_errno] => 0 [connect_error] => [errno] => 0 [error] => [error_list] => Array ( ) [field_count] => 18 [host_info] => 127.0.0.1 via TCP/IP [info] => [insert_id] => 0 [server_info] => 5.5.30 [server_version] => 50530 [sqlstate] => 00000 [protocol_version] => 10 [thread_id] => 8608824 [warning_count] => 0 ) [nameQuote:protected] => ` [nullDate:protected] => 0000-00-00 00:00:00 [_database:JDatabaseDriver:private] => elitaproductiondb [count:protected] => 139 [cursor:protected] => [debug:protected] => [limit:protected] => 0 [log:protected] => Array ( ) [timings:protected] => Array ( ) [callStacks:protected] => Array ( ) [offset:protected] => 0 [options:protected] => Array ( [driver] => mysqli_exabyte [host] => 127.0.0.1 [user] => proxy_elite [password] => BjsMs4XwzChb42b [database] => elitaproductiondb [prefix] => hn_ [select] => 1 [port] => 6033 [socket] => ) [sql:protected] => JDatabaseQueryMysqli Object ( [offset:protected] => 0 [limit:protected] => 0 [db:protected] => JDatabaseDriverMysqli_Exabyte Object *RECURSION* [sql:protected] => [type:protected] => select [element:protected] => [select:protected] => JDatabaseQueryElement Object ( [name:protected] => SELECT [elements:protected] => Array ( [0] => category.* [1] => IF(ISNULL(container.catid),false,true) AS container [2] => container.name AS container_name [3] => SEFURL_cr.menuItemID AS sefurl_belonging_menu_item ) [glue:protected] => , ) [delete:protected] => [update:protected] => [insert:protected] => [from:protected] => JDatabaseQueryElement Object ( [name:protected] => FROM [elements:protected] => Array ( [0] => `#__ocm_categories` AS `category` ) [glue:protected] => , ) [join:protected] => Array ( [0] => JDatabaseQueryElement Object ( [name:protected] => LEFT JOIN [elements:protected] => Array ( [0] => #__ocm_containers AS container ON category.id = container.catid ) [glue:protected] => , ) [1] => JDatabaseQueryElement Object ( [name:protected] => LEFT JOIN [elements:protected] => Array ( [0] => #__ocm_sefurl_category_menu_relation AS SEFURL_cr ON category.id = SEFURL_cr.categoryID ) [glue:protected] => , ) ) [set:protected] => [where:protected] => JDatabaseQueryElement Object ( [name:protected] => WHERE [elements:protected] => Array ( [0] => `category`.`id` = '0' ) [glue:protected] => AND ) [group:protected] => [having:protected] => [columns:protected] => [values:protected] => [order:protected] => [autoIncrementField:protected] => [call:protected] => [exec:protected] => [union:protected] => [unionAll:protected] => [selectRowNumber:protected] => ) [tablePrefix:protected] => hn_ [utf:protected] => 1 [utf8mb4:protected] => 1 [errorNum:protected] => 0 [errorMsg:protected] => [transactionDepth:protected] => 0 [disconnectHandlers:protected] => Array ( ) [ocmConfig] => Array ( ) ) [_trackAssets:protected] => [_rules:protected] => [_locked:protected] => [_autoincrement:protected] => 1 [_observers:protected] => JObserverUpdater Object ( [aliases:protected] => Array ( ) [observers:protected] => Array ( ) [doCallObservers:protected] => 1 ) [_columnAlias:protected] => Array ( ) [_jsonEncode:protected] => Array ( ) [_errors:protected] => Array ( ) [year_lookup] => 0 [link] => /wiom/articles/gatunki-warzyw ) [additional_categories] => Array ( ) [link] => /wiom/articles/gatunki-warzyw/jaka-odmiane-kapusty-wybrac-do-kiszenia-2349355 [printLink] => /wiom/articles/gatunki-warzyw/jaka-odmiane-kapusty-wybrac-do-kiszenia-2349355?tmpl=component&print=1 [tags] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [id] => 48755 [name] => warzywa [published] => 1 [section] => [subsection] => [weight] => [created] => 2022-05-18 01:05:21 [main_article_id] => 0 [alias] => warzywa [link] => /tag/warzywa ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [id] => 50705 [name] => ankieta [published] => 1 [section] => [subsection] => [weight] => [created] => 2022-06-30 21:47:22 [main_article_id] => 0 [alias] => ankieta [link] => /tag/ankieta ) [2] => stdClass Object ( [id] => 58192 [name] => warzywnictwo [published] => 1 [section] => [subsection] => [weight] => [created] => 2022-08-29 14:54:58 [main_article_id] => 0 [alias] => warzywnictwo [link] => /tag/warzywnictwo ) [3] => stdClass Object ( [id] => 67256 [name] => plaga mączlika warzywnego [published] => 1 [section] => [subsection] => [weight] => [created] => 2022-09-19 10:05:35 [main_article_id] => 0 [alias] => plaga-maczlika-warzywnego [link] => /tag/plaga-maczlika-warzywnego ) [4] => stdClass Object ( [id] => 67283 [name] => kapusta biała [published] => 1 [section] => [subsection] => [weight] => [created] => 2022-09-19 10:06:03 [main_article_id] => 0 [alias] => kapusta-biala [link] => /tag/kapusta-biala ) [5] => stdClass Object ( [id] => 57243 [name] => kapusta kiszona [published] => 1 [section] => [subsection] => [weight] => [created] => 2022-08-22 12:20:59 [main_article_id] => 0 [alias] => kapusta-kiszona [link] => /tag/kapusta-kiszona ) [6] => stdClass Object ( [id] => 68047 [name] => wciornastek [published] => 1 [section] => [subsection] => [weight] => [created] => 2022-09-19 10:33:31 [main_article_id] => 0 [alias] => wciornastek [link] => /tag/wciornastek ) [7] => stdClass Object ( [id] => 68923 [name] => mączlik [published] => 1 [section] => [subsection] => [weight] => [created] => 2022-09-19 10:59:49 [main_article_id] => 0 [alias] => maczlik [link] => /tag/maczlik ) [8] => stdClass Object ( [id] => 70855 [name] => odmiany kapusty [published] => 1 [section] => [subsection] => [weight] => [created] => 2022-09-19 12:06:50 [main_article_id] => 0 [alias] => odmiany-kapusty [link] => /tag/odmiany-kapusty ) [9] => stdClass Object ( [id] => 70413 [name] => kiszenie [published] => 1 [section] => [subsection] => [weight] => [created] => 2022-09-19 11:45:12 [main_article_id] => 0 [alias] => kiszenie [link] => /tag/kiszenie ) [10] => stdClass Object ( [id] => 58964 [name] => kapusta głowiasta [published] => 1 [section] => [subsection] => [weight] => [created] => 2022-08-29 15:04:00 [main_article_id] => 0 [alias] => kapusta-glowiasta [link] => /tag/kapusta-glowiasta ) ) [imageXSmall] => [imageSmall] => [imageMedium] => [imageLarge] => [imageXLarge] => [extraFields] => stdClass Object ( [Subtitle] => stdClass Object ( [id] => 1 [name] => Subtitle [value] =>

Producenci warzyw kapustnych zmagali się w tym roku z wieloma przeciwnościami losu. Susza, plaga chorób i szkodników każdemu dała się we znaki. Ciepłe lato w szczególności przyczyniło się do zwiększonej liczebności wciornastka i mączlika. Czy kapusta porażona przez te szkodniki nadaje się do kiszenia?

[type] => textarea [group] => 9 [published] => 1 [ordering] => 1 [alias] => Subtitle ) [contains_infographic] => stdClass Object ( [id] => 61 [name] => Contains Infographic [value] => OFF [type] => radio [group] => 9 [published] => 1 [ordering] => 4 [alias] => contains_infographic ) [Withoutads] => stdClass Object ( [id] => 62 [name] => Without ads [value] => OFF [type] => radio [group] => 9 [published] => 1 [ordering] => 5 [alias] => Withoutads ) [Photo_gallery] => stdClass Object ( [id] => 63 [name] => Photo gallery [value] => OFF [type] => radio [group] => 9 [published] => 1 [ordering] => 6 [alias] => Photo_gallery ) [promo] => stdClass Object ( [id] => 64 [name] => Promo [value] => OFF [type] => radio [group] => 9 [published] => 1 [ordering] => 7 [alias] => promo ) [contains_video] => stdClass Object ( [id] => 67 [name] => Contains video [value] => OFF [type] => radio [group] => 9 [published] => 1 [ordering] => 9 [alias] => contains_video ) [premium_content] => stdClass Object ( [id] => 68 [name] => Premium content [value] => OFF [type] => radio [group] => 9 [published] => 1 [ordering] => 10 [alias] => premium_content ) [exclude_comments] => stdClass Object ( [id] => 69 [name] => Exclude comments [value] => OFF [type] => radio [group] => 9 [published] => 1 [ordering] => 11 [alias] => exclude_comments ) [open_link_in_new_window] => stdClass Object ( [id] => 70 [name] => Open link in new window [value] => OFF [type] => radio [group] => 9 [published] => 1 [ordering] => 12 [alias] => open_link_in_new_window ) [horizontal_crop_of_the_main_photo] => stdClass Object ( [id] => 71 [name] => Horizontal crop of the main photo [value] => OFF [type] => radio [group] => 9 [published] => 1 [ordering] => 13 [alias] => horizontal_crop_of_the_main_photo ) [no_index] => stdClass Object ( [id] => 73 [name] => No-index [value] => OFF [type] => radio [group] => 9 [published] => 1 [ordering] => 15 [alias] => no_index ) [no_cache] => stdClass Object ( [id] => 74 [name] => No-cache [value] => OFF [type] => radio [group] => 9 [published] => 1 [ordering] => 16 [alias] => no_cache ) [dont_show_on_the_front_page] => stdClass Object ( [id] => 77 [name] => Don't show on the front page [value] => OFF [type] => radio [group] => 9 [published] => 1 [ordering] => 17 [alias] => dont_show_on_the_front_page ) [related_on_bottom] => stdClass Object ( [id] => 78 [name] => Related on bottom [value] => OFF [type] => radio [group] => 9 [published] => 1 [ordering] => 18 [alias] => related_on_bottom ) [live_button] => stdClass Object ( [id] => 79 [name] => Live button [value] => OFF [type] => radio [group] => 9 [published] => 1 [ordering] => 19 [alias] => live_button ) [instant_articles] => stdClass Object ( [id] => 87 [name] => Instant articles [value] => OFF [type] => radio [group] => 9 [published] => 1 [ordering] => 28 [alias] => instant_articles ) [photo_gallery_item_black] => stdClass Object ( [id] => 89 [name] => Photo gallery item black [value] => OFF [type] => radio [group] => 9 [published] => 1 [ordering] => 29 [alias] => photo_gallery_item_black ) [photo_gallery_item_white] => stdClass Object ( [id] => 90 [name] => Photo gallery item white [value] => OFF [type] => radio [group] => 9 [published] => 1 [ordering] => 30 [alias] => photo_gallery_item_white ) [instant_articles_jl] => stdClass Object ( [id] => 91 [name] => Instant articles JL [value] => OFF [type] => radio [group] => 9 [published] => 1 [ordering] => 31 [alias] => instant_articles_jl ) [required_views] => stdClass Object ( [id] => 95 [name] => Required views [value] => 0 [type] => textfield [group] => 9 [published] => 1 [ordering] => 32 [alias] => required_views ) [upscore_pr] => stdClass Object ( [id] => 96 [name] => Upscore PR [value] => OFF [type] => radio [group] => 9 [published] => 1 [ordering] => 33 [alias] => upscore_pr ) [Native] => stdClass Object ( [id] => 97 [name] => Native [value] => OFF [type] => radio [group] => 9 [published] => 1 [ordering] => 34 [alias] => Native ) [paid_article] => stdClass Object ( [id] => 99 [name] => Paid article [value] => OFF [type] => radio [group] => 9 [published] => 1 [ordering] => 36 [alias] => paid_article ) [gallery_type] => stdClass Object ( [id] => 101 [name] => Gallery as Article [value] => OFF [type] => radio [group] => 9 [published] => 1 [ordering] => 38 [alias] => gallery_type ) [article_as_gallery] => stdClass Object ( [id] => 102 [name] => Article as Gallery [value] => OFF [type] => radio [group] => 9 [published] => 1 [ordering] => 39 [alias] => article_as_gallery ) ) [attachments] => Array ( ) [votingPercentage] => 0 [numOfvotes] => (0 votes) [cleanTitle] => Jaką odmianę kapusty wybrać do kiszenia? [num_of_authors] => 0 [author] => Joomla\CMS\User\User Object ( [isRoot:protected] => [id] => 50035 [name] => WiOM [username] => warzywaiowoce.pl [email] => [email protected] [password] => $2y$10$.ZLmgWUM7eEZpfJmyLagXuHm4ns1fBRyVTPKRfs1T4SxNJFbNtcSW [password_clear] => [block] => 0 [sendEmail] => 0 [registerDate] => 0000-00-00 00:00:00 [lastvisitDate] => 0000-00-00 00:00:00 [activation] => [params] => {"admin_style":"","admin_language":"","language":"","editor":"","timezone":""} [groups] => Array ( [3] => 3 ) [guest] => 0 [lastResetTime] => 0000-00-00 00:00:00 [resetCount] => 0 [requireReset] => 0 [_params:protected] => Joomla\Registry\Registry Object ( [data:protected] => stdClass Object ( [admin_style] => [admin_language] => [language] => [editor] => [timezone] => ) [initialized:protected] => 1 [separator] => . ) [_authGroups:protected] => [_authLevels:protected] => [_authActions:protected] => [_errorMsg:protected] => [userHelper:protected] => Joomla\CMS\User\UserWrapper Object ( ) [_errors:protected] => Array ( ) [otpKey] => [otep] => [link] => /autor/wiom-50035 [profile] => stdClass Object ( [id] => 25648 [gender] => m [description] => [image] => [url] => [group] => 0 [plugins] => {"customparams_author_school":"","customparams_author_title":"","customparams_author_title_categoryid":"28","customparams_fb_link":"","customparams_tw_link":""} ) [avatar] => /components/com_ocm/images/placeholder/user.png ) [mainImage] => https://static.halowies.pl/images/2019/11/21/201723.webp [galleryCount] => 1 [hasImage] => 1 [mainImageAuthor] => [mainImageDesc] => [popup_gallery] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [src] => https://static.halowies.pl/images/2019/11/21/201723.webp [title] => ) ) [bgPosition] => [text] => {OCMSplitter}

Trudny rok dla producentów kapusty

W poszukiwaniu idealnej odmiany kapusty do kiszenia przeprowadziliśmy ankietę z kilkunastoma producentami tego warzywa z całej Polski. Dzwoniliśmy do producentów zarówno z gospodarstw konwencjonalnych, jak i ekologicznych. Okazuje się, że przydatność konkretnej odmiany do kiszenia to tylko składowa wielu czynników. Oczywiście uniwersalne dobre cechy takiej kapusty to duża głowa, krótki głąb oraz duża zawartość cukru, ale największy problem stanowi wyprodukowanie zdrowego surowca, w szczególności w takim roku jak ten. Część ankietowanych nosiła się z zamiarem zaprzestania produkcji z uwagi na plagi szkodników i patogenów i brak dostępności środków ochrony roślin. Inni z kolei, prowadząc uprawy ekologiczne nie narzekali na choroby i szkodniki, a na brak rynku zbytu.


[Uszkodzenia wywołane żerowaniem wciornastka]

Słysząc tak różne sygnały można dojść do wniosków, że powodzenie uprawy zależne jest od danego regionu kraju. Producenci korzystają z odmian, które sprawdziły się u nich w gospodarstwach na przestrzeni lat. Idąc dalej, trzeba się przyjrzeć uprawowym detalom, takim jak zmianowanie, szybkość reakcji przy pojawieniu szkodników i właściwe nawożenie. Oczywiście są odmiany mniej podatne na szkodniki i choroby, ale jak powiedział jeden z rozmówców: „W tym roku wciornastek atakował nawet odmiany gorzkie”.


[Uszkodzenia wywołane żerowaniem wciornastka]

Z ankiety wynika, że najpopularniejsze odmiany do kwaszenia uprawiane w Polsce to:
  • Ambrozja
  • Novotom
  • Jaguar
  • Adelko
  • Typhoon
  • Ramco
  • Kolia


[Jaką odmianę kapusty wybrać do kiszenia?]

Darmowe białko w kapuście do kiszenia

W tym roku problem wciornastka i mączlika w uprawie kapustnych był szeroko omawiany. Konsumenci przynosili mączlika do domu wraz z zakupionymi warzywami. Jeśli chodzi o przydatność do kiszenia kapusty zaatakowanej przez tego szkodnika, to odpowiedz nie jest prosta. Wszystko zależy od stopnia porażenia i występowania grzybów szadzakowych, co dyskwalifikuje produkt. Niektóre grzyby sadzakowe są zdolne do produkcji toksycznych metabolitów wtórnych potencjalnie groźnych dla zdrowia człowieka, a więc samo usunięcie porażonych liści może nie wystarczyć.


[Wynik niewłaściwej ochrony, plagi szkodników i patogenów]

W przypadku wciornastka problem polega na przemieszczaniu się tego szkodnika w głąb kapusty nawet do 20 liścia. Natomiast, po usunięciu liści z widocznymi objawami żerowania wciornastaka z kapusty, może ona posłużyć jako surowiec do kiszenia.

Marcin Wieczyński

Fot. K. Wójcik

[event] => stdClass Object ( [BeforeDisplay] => [AfterDisplay] => [AfterDisplayTitle] => [BeforeDisplayContent] => [AfterDisplayContent] => [OCMBeforeDisplay] => [OCMAfterDisplay] => [OCMAfterDisplayTitle] => [OCMBeforeDisplayContent] => [OCMAfterDisplayContent] =>

[OCMUserDisplay] => [OCMCommentsCounter] => [OCMCommentsBlock] => ) [jcfields] => Array ( ) [image] => [imageWidth] => 600 [comments] => Array ( ) [numOfComments] => 0 [nextLink] => /wiom/articles/gatunki-warzyw/trwa-nasze-spotkanie-warzywa-w-systemie-ekologicznym-w-satyrzu-2350336 [nextTitle] => Trwa nasze spotkanie „Warzywa w systemie ekologicznym" w Sątyrzu [previousLink] => /wiom/articles/gatunki-warzyw/w-norwegii-tez-uprawiaja-szparagi-2347521 [previousTitle] => W Norwegii też uprawiają szparagi [absoluteURL] => https://www.warzywaiowoce.pl/wiom/articles/gatunki-warzyw/jaka-odmiane-kapusty-wybrac-do-kiszenia-2349355 [emailLink] => /component/mailto/?tmpl=component&template=site&link=c10399e3f09dbef0baa7a63e24210f9fc1ea8094 [twitterURL] => http://twitter.com/intent/tweet?text=Jak%C4%85+odmian%C4%99+kapusty+wybra%C4%87+do+kiszenia%3F&url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.warzywaiowoce.pl%2Fwiom%2Farticles%2Fgatunki-warzyw%2Fjaka-odmiane-kapusty-wybrac-do-kiszenia-2349355 [socialLink] => https%3A%2F%2Fwww.warzywaiowoce.pl%2Fwiom%2Farticles%2Fgatunki-warzyw%2Fjaka-odmiane-kapusty-wybrac-do-kiszenia-2349355 )

Producenci warzyw kapustnych zmagali się w tym roku z wieloma przeciwnościami losu. Susza, plaga chorób i szkodników każdemu dała się we znaki. Ciepłe lato w szczególności przyczyniło się do zwiększonej liczebności wciornastka i mączlika. Czy kapusta porażona przez te szkodniki nadaje się do kiszenia?

Trudny rok dla producentów kapusty

W poszukiwaniu idealnej odmiany kapusty do kiszenia przeprowadziliśmy ankietę z kilkunastoma producentami tego warzywa z całej Polski. Dzwoniliśmy do producentów zarówno z gospodarstw konwencjonalnych, jak i ekologicznych. Okazuje się, że przydatność konkretnej odmiany do kiszenia to tylko składowa wielu czynników. Oczywiście uniwersalne dobre cechy takiej kapusty to duża głowa, krótki głąb oraz duża zawartość cukru, ale największy problem stanowi wyprodukowanie zdrowego surowca, w szczególności w takim roku jak ten. Część ankietowanych nosiła się z zamiarem zaprzestania produkcji z uwagi na plagi szkodników i patogenów i brak dostępności środków ochrony roślin. Inni z kolei, prowadząc uprawy ekologiczne nie narzekali na choroby i szkodniki, a na brak rynku zbytu.


[Uszkodzenia wywołane żerowaniem wciornastka]

Słysząc tak różne sygnały można dojść do wniosków, że powodzenie uprawy zależne jest od danego regionu kraju. Producenci korzystają z odmian, które sprawdziły się u nich w gospodarstwach na przestrzeni lat. Idąc dalej, trzeba się przyjrzeć uprawowym detalom, takim jak zmianowanie, szybkość reakcji przy pojawieniu szkodników i właściwe nawożenie. Oczywiście są odmiany mniej podatne na szkodniki i choroby, ale jak powiedział jeden z rozmówców: „W tym roku wciornastek atakował nawet odmiany gorzkie”.


[Uszkodzenia wywołane żerowaniem wciornastka]

Z ankiety wynika, że najpopularniejsze odmiany do kwaszenia uprawiane w Polsce to:
  • Ambrozja
  • Novotom
  • Jaguar
  • Adelko
  • Typhoon
  • Ramco
  • Kolia


[Jaką odmianę kapusty wybrać do kiszenia?]

Darmowe białko w kapuście do kiszenia

W tym roku problem wciornastka i mączlika w uprawie kapustnych był szeroko omawiany. Konsumenci przynosili mączlika do domu wraz z zakupionymi warzywami. Jeśli chodzi o przydatność do kiszenia kapusty zaatakowanej przez tego szkodnika, to odpowiedz nie jest prosta. Wszystko zależy od stopnia porażenia i występowania grzybów szadzakowych, co dyskwalifikuje produkt. Niektóre grzyby sadzakowe są zdolne do produkcji toksycznych metabolitów wtórnych potencjalnie groźnych dla zdrowia człowieka, a więc samo usunięcie porażonych liści może nie wystarczyć.


[Wynik niewłaściwej ochrony, plagi szkodników i patogenów]

W przypadku wciornastka problem polega na przemieszczaniu się tego szkodnika w głąb kapusty nawet do 20 liścia. Natomiast, po usunięciu liści z widocznymi objawami żerowania wciornastaka z kapusty, może ona posłużyć jako surowiec do kiszenia.

Marcin Wieczyński

Fot. K. Wójcik

03. luty 2023 15:16